In 2005, Rubins earned a doctorate in most cancers biology from Stanford College’s Medical Faculty Biochemistry Division and Microbiology and Immunology Division.
There, she and colleagues from the U.S. Military Medical Analysis Institute of Infectious Illnesses and the Facilities for Illness Management and Prevention developed the primary mannequin of smallpox an infection along with a whole map of the poxvirus transcriptome.
She additionally studied virus-host interactions utilizing each in-vitro and animal mannequin techniques.
After her time and Stanford, Rubins started as a fellow/principal Investigator on the Massachusetts Institute of Expertise’s (MIT) Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Analysis.
At MIT, Rubin headed a lab of 14 researchers finding out viral illnesses that impression Central and West Africa and traveled to the Democratic Republic of the Congo to conduct additional analysis and supervise research websites.
Her lab centered on poxviruses, host-pathogen interplay, and viral mechanisms for regulating host cell mRNA transcription, translation and decay.
Rubin additionally labored on collaborative tasks with the Military to develop therapies for Ebola and Lassa viruses.
In the summertime of 2009, she was chosen by NASA as one of many 9 chosen members of the twentieth NASA astronaut class.
She acquired intensive coaching and instruction in ISS techniques, spacewalks, robotics, physiological coaching, T 38 flight coaching, and water and wilderness survival coaching.
Throughout her first spaceflight on Expedition 48/49 in July 2016, Rubins turned the first individual to sequence DNA in area and the crew of the expeditions performed or participated in additional than 275 completely different experiments.
Rubins additionally grew coronary heart cells, or cardiomyocytes, in cell tradition and carried out quantitative, real-time PCR and microbiome experiments whereas in orbit.
The veteran astronaut is serving aboard the ISS on a six-month mission as a flight engineer for the Expedition 63/64 crew.