The royal household confirmed the Duke of Edinburgh’s demise on Friday in an announcement shared to Twitter.
“It’s with deep sorrow that Her Majesty The Queen has introduced the demise of her beloved husband, His Royal Highness The Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. His Royal Highness handed away peacefully this morning at Windsor Fort.
Throughout England’s coronavirus lockdown, he had been staying at Windsor Fort, west of London, with the queen, 94.
On Feb. 16, Philip was admitted to a London hospital after feeling unwell. On March 3, he underwent a process for a pre-existing coronary heart situation at St. Bartholomew’s Hospital earlier than being transferred again to King Edward VII hospital on March 5 and in the end launched dwelling on March 16.
Philip married then-Princess Elizabeth in 1947 and is the longest-serving royal consort in British historical past. He and the queen have 4 kids, eight grandchildren and 9 great-grandchildren.
A former naval officer and eager polo participant, Philip loved strong well being effectively into outdated age however had a number of well being points lately.
In 2011, he was rushed to a hospital by helicopter after struggling chest pains and handled for a blocked coronary artery. In 2017, he spent two nights within the King Edward Hospital and was hospitalized for 10 days in 2018 for a hip substitute.
Philip was final hospitalized in December 2019, spending 4 nights within the King Edward Hospital for what the palace stated was deliberate therapy of a pre-existing situation.
He was compelled to surrender driving on the age of 97, after smashing right into a automotive whereas driving a Land Rover close to Sandringham property in January 2019. Philip wanted assist to get out of the Land Rover however wasn’t injured. A girl within the different car suffered a damaged wrist.
In a uncommon interview for a tv documentary to mark his ninetieth birthday in June 2011, he stated, “I reckon I’ve carried out my bit. I need to get pleasure from myself for a bit now. With much less accountability, much less speeding about, much less preparation, much less making an attempt to think about one thing to say.
“On prime of that, your reminiscence’s going. I am unable to keep in mind names. Sure, I am simply type of winding down.”
On the time of his demise, Philip’s full title was His Royal Highness Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, Earl of Merioneth and Baron Greenwich, Knight of the Garter, Knight of the Thistle, Order of Benefit, Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire, Companion of the Order of Australia, Companion of the Queen’s Service Order, Privy Counselor.
He was the second particular person ever to bear the title “Duke of Edinburgh,” the primary being his great-great-uncle, Prince Alfred Ernest Albert. His son, Prince Edward, will now assume the title.
Though he married into the British monarchy, royalty was in Philip’s blood since start. On June 10, 1921, he was born Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark – the one son of Prince Andrew of Greece and Princess Alice of Battenberg, in addition to the great-great-grandson of Queen Victoria.
Philip’s deep-seated royal roots positioned him within the line of succession to the thrones of 16 international locations.
At 18, Philip joined the navy and shortly afterward met his bride-to-be when the then-13-year-old Elizabeth toured the Royal Naval School together with her household. The pair started exchanging letters and fell in love, their romance strengthening whereas Philip served abroad throughout World Battle II.
After the battle, King George VI granted the couple permission to wed. Earlier than strolling down the aisle at Westminster Abbey, Philip renounced his Greek and Danish royal titles, transformed to Anglicanism, and have become a naturalized British topic. As well as, he adopted the surname Mountbatten from his British maternal grandparents.
The Mountbatten surname stirred up a little bit of controversy after Elizabeth ascended to the throne in 1952. Upon marriage, the brand new Queen sometimes took her husband’s final identify. This didn’t sit effectively with Elizabeth’s paternal grandmother, who wished to keep up the household identify.
A royal proclamation was then issued declaring that the royal home would stay generally known as the Home of Windsor. Philip reportedly privately grumbled about not with the ability to give his identify to his kids.
A number of years after Queen Mary’s demise, Elizabeth declared that the surname of her and Philip’s male-line descendants can be Mountbatten-Windsor. She additionally introduced that Philip was to have “place, preeminence and priority” subsequent to her “on all events and in all conferences, besides the place in any other case offered by Act of Parliament.”
Philip turned consort when his spouse assumed the throne, and at his demise was the longest-serving consort in British historical past.
Throughout his time within the public eye, Philip was identified for his seemingly tactless, off-the-cuff remarks. He as soon as advised a British pupil in China, “For those who keep right here for much longer, you’ll go dwelling with slitty eyes,” and requested the singer Tom Jones, “Do you gargle with pebbles to sing that means?”
To a younger boy who stated he wished to be an astronaut, Philip remarked, “You might do with shedding a little bit of weight,” and to the president of Nigeria, wearing conventional costume, “You appear to be you are prepared for mattress.”
In March 2012 he requested a disabled man on a mobility scooter, “How many individuals have you ever knocked over this morning on that factor?”
On the similar time, Philip was actively concerned in all kinds of causes and was patron or president of greater than 750 organizations.
He was a very distinguished advocate for environmental consciousness. After visiting Antarctica and the South Atlantic in 1956-57, Philip devoted himself to elevating consciousness of the general public’s relationship to the setting.
He served as the primary president of the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) from 1961 to 1982, worldwide president of the WWF from 1981 to 1996, in addition to president emeritus of the WWF thereafter.
All through his profession, Philip additionally visited analysis stations, laboratories, coal mines and factories to raised perceive and enhance British industrial life. He was a patron of the Work Basis, sponsoring six conferences on the human issues of commercial communities inside the Commonwealth.
Philip was significantly concerned in charities that particularly centered on scientific and technological analysis, in addition to the setting and sports activities.
Between 1959 and 2011, the Duke chaired the judging panel for The Prince Philip Designers Prize, which honored the innovation and creativity of designers and engineers decided to reinforce day by day life. In line with the palace, winners included product designer Sir James Dyson, architect Lord Foster (designer of 30 St Mary Axe, the London skyscraper generally known as “The Gherkin”), and Andrew Ritchie, inventor of the Brompton folding bicycle.
The Prince additionally took an curiosity within the improvement of youth, creating his personal awards program for younger folks in 1956 with the collaboration of German educator Kurt Hahn and Lord Hunt, chief of the primary profitable ascent of Everest. The Duke of Edinburgh Award, also referred to as the Gold Award, is acknowledged because the world’s main youth achievement award. It’s given to younger women and men who exhibit distinctive promise. Greater than 40 million folks in additional than 140 international locations have participated in this system.
Philip ended his energetic naval profession in 1951, however nonetheless saved intently linked to the Armed Forces. The palace shared that in 1952 the Duke was appointed admiral of the Sea Cadet Corps, colonel-in-chief of the Military Cadet Power, and air commodore-in-chief of the Air Coaching Corps. The next yr he was promoted to admiral of the fleet and appointed area marshal and marshal of the Royal Air Power. He was additionally colonel-in-chief, or colonel, of a number of British and abroad regiments.
Philip was additionally an avid sportsman. He performed polo till 1971, stopping to develop the game of carriage driving – its early rule ebook was drafted beneath Philip’s supervision. The Prince additionally loved yachting and flying.
It doesn’t matter what occurred, Philip carried on. “No matter occurs, do not surrender and do not despair,” he as soon as stated. “Outcomes will not be instantly obvious, however you might have touched a receptive chord with out understanding it.”