Born in Warsaw, Poland, in 1867, Marie had few alternatives to excel: Her mom died whereas she was younger, her father had misplaced his life financial savings on poor investments and alternatives for girls had been scarce.
Marie took to academia, incomes rewards for plenty of topics in class, nevertheless it was math and physics — the themes her father taught — that almost all captured her consideration and creativeness.
Poor because the household was, Marie and her sister, Bronisława, made a deal: Marie would fund her sister’s premedical schooling, and ultimately the favor can be returned.
Marie adopted her sister to Paris, sitting in on lectures on the world-famous Sorbonne, the place she met well-known physicists and scientists who continued to spark her curiosity.
She earned a place in Gabriel Lippmann’s analysis lab, working to earn her license — the equal of a bachelor’s diploma — in bodily sciences and mathematical sciences.
Probably the most vital step in Marie’s life can be when she met Pierre Curie: Not solely did they construct a household collectively, elevating two daughters, however additionally they labored collectively on groundbreaking research that might ultimately earn them a shared Nobel Prize in 1903 together with Henri Becquerel.
The couple found polonium (named after Marie’s homeland, the Kingdom of Poland) and radium inside a number of months. The Curies labored with Becquerel, who had found a phenomenon that might later be named “radioactivity,” discovering that a number of parts shared this distinctive property.
For the invention, Marie Curie received the primary Nobel Prize for Physics and thus grew to become the primary girl to win a Nobel Prize.
When her husband died in 1906, Marie Curie devoted her life to ending the work that they had began collectively. She even took over his professorship, which made her the primary girl to show on the Sorbonne.
Curie would publish a brand new paper on radioactivity in 1910, which led to her second Nobel Prize, this time a solo award in Chemistry. To at the present time, Marie Curie is considered one of solely six individuals to win a couple of prize, and the one girl to take action.
Throughout World Struggle I, Curie and her daughter devoted their time to creating makes use of for X-radiography, which set the course for the rest of Curie’s life: She spent her time finding out the medical purposes of her work, which earned her a spot within the Academy of Medication in 1922.
Curie continued to dwell an completed life, lecturing at establishments all over the world in addition to serving to to ascertain two institutions – one in Paris and one in Warsaw.
Finally, her ardour and dedication proved to be what killed her. Working with radiation earlier than anybody really understood the hazards, Curie developed leukemia from her fixed publicity and died in 1934.
In 1995, she grew to become the primary girl enshrined within the Panthéon in Paris, making certain her a spot alongside nationwide heroes together with Voltaire, Rousseau and Victor Hugo.